(Revised May 2023)

BIF-Migmatite mashup

IMAGE: Felsic-mafic banding and isoclinal folding in both migmatite and banded iron formations points to a common formation mechanism by modulated hydrothermal precipitation from hydrothermal plumes, forming mounds that slump when the talus-slope exceeds the critical angle, causing the isoclinal folding.
Migmatite image credit: Marli Miller
BIF image credit: Chris’s Granite Paradise

     An extraterrestrial origin for Earth’s continental tectonic plates is based on the central insight of the remarkable similarity between banded iron formations (BIF) and migmatite, both exhibiting felsic-mafic banding and small-scale isoclinal folding. This physical analog is suggested to extend to a formational analog, where both BIF and migmatite formed by modulated authigenic sedimentation from hydrothermal plumes, with BIF forming on Earth and migmatite having formed in hot-classical KBOs. Then hot-classical KBOs with authigenic sedimentary cores having a gneissic composition were perturbed into the inner solar system during the late heavy bombardment (LHB), circa 4.2–3.8 Ga.



Figure 1
Protostar system L1448 IRS3B, showing a central binary pair of protostars (IRS3B-a & IRS3B-b, with a combined mass of ∼1 M☉), orbited by a less-massive but much-brighter companion protostar (IRS3B-c, with a mass of ∼0.085 M☉) in a circumbinary orbit.
An alternative ‘symmetrical FFF’ ideology, presented here, suggests that the luminosity difference is the result of age difference, where the system formed by a flip-flop mechanism, designated, symmetrical flip-flop fragmentation (FFF). Symmetrical FFF suggests that the companion protostar formed at the center of the system, followed by a dual disk instability of two arms of a (spiral) density wave of a massive accretion disk. The resulting twin disk-instability objects were much-more massive than the diminutive prestellar/protostellar core, forming a dynamically-unstable system. Dynamic instability caused chaotic orbital interplay, with energy equipartition in orbital close encounters, ‘evaporating’ (flip-flopping) the diminutive core into a circumbinary orbit around the much-more-massive binary pair, forming a hierarchical trinary star system.
Image Credit: Bill Saxton, ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO), NRAO/AUI/NSF – Publication: John Tobin (Univ. Oklahoma/Leiden) et al.

    Revolutionary stellar and planet formation mechanisms that were designed to explain the 3 sets of twin planets in our highly-unusual solar system—Jupiter-Saturn, Uranus-Neptune, Venus-Earth—coincidentally predict the formation of a siderophile-depleted debris disk just prior to the supposed 4,567 Ma birth of our solar system that lay on the 3-oxygen-isotope terrestrial fractionation line. This early debris disk with a terrestrial composition formed the hot-classical KBOs, which were perturbed into the inner solar system during the LHB, where they impacted Earth to form the continental tectonic plates on Earth.


Cometary knots of Helix Nebula

Cometary knots in the planetary Helix nebula as a modern analog of baryonic dark matter in the form of primordial, self-gravitating, planetary-mass gas globules (paleons) ejected from Population III stars by coronal mass ejection, during their terminal thermally-pulsing asymptotic giant branch (TP-AGB) phase

    This hypothesis suggests that DM is baryonic, with DM reservoirs in the form of cold, self-gravitating hydrostatic gas globules of primordial hydrogen and helium, with their acquired stellar metallicity condensed into icy nuclei, rendering the pristine helium and molecular hydrogen nearly dark. These planetary-mass self-gravitating gas globules presumably formed by supermassive coronal mass ejections (CME) from Population III stars from their terminal thermally-pulsing asymptotic giant branch (TP-AGB) phase, with ‘cometary knots’ in planetary nebulae being a modern analog, where the Helix Nebula as the best example.
    In the early universe, prior to and during recombination, 5/6 of all baryons, and their associated primordial photons were sequestered within primordial dwarf galaxies, cored with primordial black holes as the first-epoch of baryonic DM. Primordial black holes accreted primordial photos, while ejecting fermions to create photon-depleted baryonic halos. Big bang nucleosynthesis occurred at globally-canonical conditions, including a globally-canonical canonical baryon-to-photon ratio, whereas recombination occurred at locally-canonical conditions, including a locally-canonical baryon-to-photon ratio. At recombination, 5/6 of all baryons had fallen out of the Hubble flow to become sequestered in proto primordial dwarf galaxies. (The early universe portion of the document is in need of an extensive rewrite.)


Hickory Run Boulder Field_8

Hickory Run boulder field, Pennsylvania

    Discrete boulder fields attributed to the last glacial maximum (LGM) are suggested here to have had a catastrophic origin similar to that of the 500,000 Carolina bays distributed along the Atlantic seaboard and Gulf Coasts of the continental United States. Carolina bays are suggested by others to be secondary impact basins from the ejecta curtain of Laurentide ice-sheet fragments from a primary bolide impact on or airburst above the Laurentide ice sheet in the Great Lakes region, 12,800 B.P. Ballistic trajectories that fell short of the coastal regions and landed on thin soil may have fractured the underlying bedrock, in some cases creating discrete boulder fields that are still devoid of vegetative cover almost 13 thousand years later.